A fascinating collection of images - art, portraits, caricatures, cartoons, album covers and postage stamps.
With a short history of the Austrian Freemasonry at his times. Member the Waikato Lodge of Research No.
Grand Steward, Freemasons New Zealand. Paper first delivered to the Research Lodge of Southland No. According to the Viennese social historian Ilsa Barea: Especially in our present era, in which are accustomed to musicians making huge fortunes from the performance of a single tune and receiving universal recognition amounting to idolization, we are left to wonder how one of the greatest composers in history could have died in poverty and be buried in an unmarked paupers grave, apparently unloved and unrecognized by society.
We shall see, however, that the image is deceptive and so worthy of a final scene in the opera of life that it could The life and music of joseph haydn have been choreographed by Mozart himself. Born in Salzburg on 27th Januaryhe was baptized the following day at St. Several ancestors were stonemasons and sculptors.
Leopold Mozart was educated by the Jesuits at St. Salvador, from whence he moved to Salzburg in where he attended the Benedictine University. Gilgen near Salzburg and she was the daughter of an important local official.
By the age of four young Mozart had learned to play eight minuets and by the age of six had become an accomplished performer on the keyboard, violin and organ and was highly skilled in sight-reading and improvisation.
In his sixth year he composed five short piano pieces, which are still frequently played. Consequently Leopold decided to take young Wolfgang and his sister Nannerl, who was also very accomplished at the keyboard, on a series of concert tours of Europe.
The first documented tour, inwas to Vienna, where the children performed twice before the Empress Maria Theresa and her consort Francis 1 as well as at the homes of several ambassadors and nobles. The tour was very profitable for the Mozart family.
Early in Leopold Mozart was appointed Vice-Kappelmeister to the Archbishop of Salzburg and later the same year the family set out on a three-year tour of Germany, France, the Low Countries, England and Switzerland.
In latethe Mozarts set off again for Vienna and whilst there Wolgang composed his first two operas. This was followed by a year back in Salzburg where young Mozart wrote a Mass and a series of serenades. In October he was appointed an honorary Konzertmeister at the Salzburg court.
One of the objectives, if not the main objective, of the concert tours was to promote young Mozart as a prospect for employment at one of the noble courts of Europe, at least as a virtuoso musician, or better still as a chapel-master, concertmaster or court composer. The tours of Italy, which started in Decembermarks the start of an intensified effort to secure Mozart permanent employment, but also featured an example of the kind of obstacle to his ambition, and that of his father, he was to face until the end of his life.
Whilst in Milan, Mozart composed his first Italian opera Mitridate, Re di Ponto which established his reputation in Italy and hence in Europe as an opera composer. At Bologna he was admitted to Accademia Filarmonica -a great honour considering the preminence of Italian music at the time.
The first Italian tour was an outstanding success and after a short break back in Salzburg he set off back to Italy to fulfil a commission to write the serenade Ascanio in Alba for the wedding of Archduke Ferdinand and Princess Maria Beatrice Ricciarda of Modena.
In this way Mozart was brought to the attention of the Archduke who considered giving him employment. However, the Archduke being the dutiful son of Empress Maria Theresa, he wrote to his mother to ask permission, and this was part of her reply: But if it would give you pleasure I will not prevent you.
What I say is do not burden yourself with useless persons, and the claims of such persons on your service This attitude was typical of the nobility of the time and whilst the courts and chapels of Europe needed music and tended to compete against other for the glory of being regarded as a home of great music and courtly entertainment, the nobility nevertheless tended to be cautious about granting permanent appointments to aspiring musicians and composers.
Court orchestras were still regarded as something of a luxury and were the first to suffer if the purse strings needed to be tightened. Colloredo was an unpopular choice. Colloredo set about reforming the Salzburg diocese and province along Viennese lines by importing prominent scientists and writers with the intention of transforming Salzburg into a cultural centre of renown, but he did not regard music as being part of the exercise.
On the contrary, Colloredo curtailed court concerts, shortened the Mass and placed restrictions on the performance of purely instrumental music.
This all greatly distressed Leopold Mozart, who envisaged Salzburg as a potential music capital of Europe, with himself and young Wolfgang Mozart very much in lead roles.
Archbishop Colloredo, however, continued with his reforms and there resulted a deepening antipathy between himself and the Mozarts. As both temporal and spiritual ruler of Salzburg and its surrounding province, Colloredo was determined to streamline government by ridding it of antiquated, inefficient and superfluous practices.+ free ebooks online.
Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Michael Haydn: Michael Haydn, one of the most accomplished composers of church music in the later 18th century.
He was the younger brother of Joseph Haydn. Like his brother, Michael Haydn became a choirboy at St.
Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna, receiving his early musical instruction there. He was dismissed from. Franz Joseph Haydn, conocido simplemente como Joseph Haydn (pronunciado ˈjoːzɛf ˈhaɪdn̩ (?
· i))  (Rohrau, cerca de Viena, Austria, 31 de marzo de Viena, 31 de mayo de ) fue un compositor regardbouddhiste.com uno de los máximos representantes del periodo clásico, además de ser conocido como el «padre de la sinfonía» y el «padre .
Joseph Haydn, in full Franz Joseph Haydn, (born March 31, , Rohrau, Austria—died May 31, , Vienna), Austrian composer who was one of the most important figures in the development of the Classical style in music during the 18th century.
He helped establish the forms and styles for the string quartet and the symphony.
Joseph Haydn, despite his isolation from urban musical centres for much of his life, was revered throughout Europe, beloved by Mozart and Beethoven, and widely published and copied—so much so that the authenticity of many works attributed to him remains in question.
One hundred Haydn was the. MOZART AND THE AUSTRIAN FREEMASONS His life, works and Masonic initiation. With a short history of the Austrian Freemasonry at his times. by regardbouddhiste.com Martin regardbouddhiste.comor: Master of the Research Lodge of Southland No ().