Too Important to Neglect, Too Urgent to Delay Sunday, January 17, "The public perceive the police as a "closed fraternity"; they are rude, cruel and corrupt; they are partisan during communal riots; they are not "popular"; they are politically pliable; they are "inactive if there is no pressure, excessively reactive if there is pressure and rarely professionally proactive"; they are "criminals in uniform"; they are also immoral [ The Hindu ]. The Noida incident was a pointer to the breakdown of policing at each level, particularly at the cutting edge level, and the complete erosion of police as the basic institution for internal security [ src ]. It is high time for us to realize that our country needs sweeping reforms in outdated, colonial era police system.
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Therefore, each of the 29 states have their own police forces. The centre is also allowed to maintain its own police forces to assist the states with ensuring law and order.
Therefore, it maintains seven central police forces and some other police organisations for specialised tasks such as intelligence gathering, investigation, research and record-keeping, and training. Some states have modelled their laws on the basis of a central law, the Police Act, States also have their police manuals detailing how police of the state is organised, their roles and responsibilities, records that must be maintained, etc.
Dual system Commissionerate system 53 cities -Dual command structure over the district police means thatUnified command structure with the Commissioner of Police control and direction over the police vests with the SP head of district police and the District Magistrate executive rank of the Deputy Inspector General or above as the sole head of the force within the city.
Allows for quicker responses to law and order situations Powers of policing and magistracy concentrated in Commissioner. Directly accountable to state govemment and state police chief.
Lesser accountability to the local administration. Separation of powers of the DM e. Therefore, less concentration of power in the police, and accountability to DM at the district level. It is responsible for investigating serious crimes having all India or inter-state ramifications, such as those related to corruption, financial scams and serious fraud and organised crime e.
Typically, the CBI takes up an investigation: It is responsible for investigating offences against the sovereignty, security and integrity of the country punishable under eight specified laws, such as the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, and the Anti-Hijacking Act, NIA takes up an investigation on the order of the central government, either on the request of a state government or suo moto i.
It coordinates and disseminates this information to various states, investigating agencies, courts and prosecutors.The Indian Police Service (Bhāratīya Pulis Sevā) or IPS, is an All India Service for policing.
It replaced the Indian Imperial Police in , a year after India gained independence from Britain.
India’s police force is woefully understaffed with one policeman for persons; the ratio goes up to one policeman for 1, and 1, persons in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, respectively. police reforms in india - police reforms in India. Why police reforms is needed in India | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view.
POLICE REFORMS CAMPAIGN - LOK SATTA MOVEMENTS LOK SATTA MOVEMENT People Power regardbouddhiste.com THIS PRESENTATION PROCEEDS ON THE PREMISE That the necessity of Police Force is an.
POLICE REFORMS Overview of Police in India Under the Constitution, police is a subject governed by states. Therefore, each of the 29 states have their own police forces. The centre is also allowed to maintain its own police forces to assist the states with ensuring law and order.
The existing police system was created in an age in which the crimes as witnessed in the contemporary society were far from imagination.
Indian police force was trained in the past to serve the objective of colonial rule and has not yet been granted the much needed autonomy, resources.
Police Reforms initiatives in India - A report; Police. This article is on Police reforms in India – the history, the reforms so far, the Supreme Court directives, recent cases like T P Senkumar Case etc.
Police Reforms: Why in news now?
The Supreme Court for the first time in history, on , ordered the reinstatement of ousted Kerala DGP T.P. Senkumar, sending out a clear message that police officers cannot be made “scapegoats” by politicians in power.