Franz has a nervous breakdown. Reinhold, Konrad, the Reaper Death.
August 1, Clash of the titans: On a fishing trip indirector Howard Hawks told Hemingway as much. You need money, you know. If I make three dollars in a picture, you get one of them. I can make a picture out of your worst story. All you have to do is make a story about how they met.
No man alone now. Moreover, since they stand on their own and are told in third- and first-person narration, respectively, they awkwardly stand out from the larger, final third of the book.
Literary reviewers came down hard on To Have and Have Not. To add injury to insult, several places banned To Have and Have Not a year after its release.
Likewise, in New York, the borough of Queens forbade its distribution. Hemingway displays — as he has been displaying almost from the beginning of his career — an extraordinary mastery of the art of indirect exposition of character.
In life our ideas of other persons are inferences based on what they do and say. Hemingway chooses to let us learn about his Hawks essay in the same way, and therefore reports, for the most part, only what could be known to the eye and ear.
To do this, with the economy he demands, requires a high order of craftsmanship. We know Morgan because of Hawks essay he says, sometimes because of what he thinks. We know him, too, because we understand the relations of other persons, particularly his wife, with him.
All this Hemingway gives us in a few scenes, each of them relatively brief. On that fishing trip inHawks told his friend Hemingway straight out that the reason he wanted to make a film out of To Have and Have Not was because it was a novel with a strong central character, Harry Morgan, who could be portrayed by a money-drawing, star actor.
Hawks knew whereof he spoke: While it would be fascinating to investigate the nexus of two future Nobel Prize winners for literature, it would also be inaccurate. Faulkner wrote the screenplay for the film version of To Have and Have Not, but his exact contributions to the script are unclear.
Likewise, comparing and contrasting the entire book versus the entire film of To Have and Have Not is difficult and probably pointless, as the incredible number differences between the two works make such an undertaking unfeasible.
More reasonable is to outline the most major changes Hawks made when adapting Morgan from paper to celluloid. In this way, a look into the context as well as mindset of Hemingway and Hawks becomes clearer.
A look at America in the eras of the book and film versions of To Have and Have Not illustrates the point. Inwhen Hemingway released the novel, American authors wrote fiction strongly influenced by events of the day; obviously most important was the Great Depression.
Novels reflected the dire economic situation ongoing around the world. At the same time, however, Hollywood made a fortune creating escapist movies.
The era of the Great Depression for the remainder of America became the Golden Age of studio musicals in Hollywood, as Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers sang and danced Americans out of their troubled lives for at least a few hours.
Oftentimes due to the ultra-patriotic attitude of many directors and sometimes with the prompting and threatening of the Office of War Information, Hollywood became a virtual clearinghouse for pro-Allies propaganda.
Casablanca is not only a classic of the screen; it is a classic of patriotic propaganda. The film played on the emotions of its intended audience and emphasized courage in the face of Nazi villainy. So similar are the major aspects of story, character, dialogue, and even actors that To Have and Have Not cannot accurately be separated from Casablanca.
Bogart plays an American in an area under growing Nazi control, spends a large part of his time in a bar that caters to a multinational crowd where a lounge-singing piano player Cricket instead of Sam; creepy music instead of melodic entertains, and ultimately saves a couple of Allied outlaws from the Nazis.
Casablanca may have outlined the major changes, but World War II made them mandatory.Contact Information eLearning.
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